Which Regions & Countries Are Best For Clothing Manufacturing

The Best Country To Manufacture Clothing

The global clothing manufacturing industry is so large it can be difficult to choose the best country to manufacture clothing for your brand. There are important factors to consider like
cost, time, logistics, and ethics, which are vastly different from country to country.So to help you decide and learn more about the pros and cons of each country, here is a
complete guide to the global clothing manufacturing industry 2020.

Clothing Manufacturing Countries

Asia

Asian countries, like China, Vietnam, and Bangladesh, produce high volumes of clothes for export. Cost is important to the manufacturing industry and Asia countries tend to have a
lower manufacturing cost. For example, in 2020 Bangladesh has the lowest wages and thus the lowest cost.

Europe

European countries, like Italy, Portugal, and Turkey, also produces large amounts of clothing for export. Europe’s clothing manufacturers typically have higher production costs but slightly
better shipping times and costs. They also have a reputation for being of higher quality, although most clothing manufacturers have quality control measures in place wherever they are in the world.

The Biggest Clothing Manufacturing Countries

According to Statista, the countries that manufacture the most clothing by US dollars per year are:
1. China – $120 billion
2. Europe – $66 billion
3. India – $17 billion
4. US – $13 billion
5. Turkey – $12 billion
6. Republic of Korea – $9 billion
7. Vietnam – $9 billion
8. Pakistan – $7 billion

These figures seem to be down to the size of the workforce and the countries infrastructure. For example, while China has an extensive network of trains, planes, and wagons, Bangladesh relies solely on small vehicles and buses.

What Is The Best Country To Manufacture Clothing?

The best country to manufacture clothing should offer low-cost labour but not at the expense of ethics and infrastructure. There should be fast shipping times, high run rates, low cost materials, and ethical wages for workers. So which countries offer all of these things, and which is the best?

China

China is still the leading manufacturer of textiles and clothing. It has the largest workforce with 908million workers. So cost and speed are two things that China can offer that other
countries are not yet able to rival. China also has the infrastructure, with recent funding by the Chinese government for new factories and facilities to be built in more provinces all over the country. This will mean that China’s costs should always be competitive, production always fast, and shipping always on time. But be aware that China’s wages are increasing in the manufacturing industry, which may mean that you’ll need to be aware of the cost versus other countries, like Turkey.

Turkey

Despite China’s domination, Turkey has been a large part of the UK clothing import market for several years. They typically offer high-quality fabrics and good costs and can provide
almost any fabric you need. Turkey offers a wider range of fabrics than any other country. Their infrastructure is strong and can offer embroidered products, custom orders, and low quantity orders in fast lead times. Their workforce is also highly skilled, manufacturing everything from quality cotton to designer denim.

However, you should expect to pay a little bit more for imports from Turkey as the production costs are much higher than in China or some other Asia countries. Part of these costs is
industry wages. Wages for a clothing manufacturer worker in Turkey are the same as in America.

Italy

The ‘Made In Italy’ label is a desirable thing in the clothing industry. It’s associated with luxury and quality from a country that knows a thing or two about fashion. Particularly
high-end fashion. Italy has a strong infrastructure and can ship quickly and easily to anywhere in the world. And as a member of the EU there’s no additional tariff or charges. However, their garments typically cost more than other countries due to their high production costs and wages for their highly skilled workers. However, the higher cost of Italian clothing may not be as much of an issue for your business as typically ‘Made In Italy’ labels can afford to be sold at a higher sale price to a customer.

Portugal

Portugal’s global location and infrastructure mean that their products can be shipped to Europe and the Americas quickly and easily. So lead times and fulfilment times are usually
good and shipping costs are typically slightly less than those of Asian countries. Their government offers incentives to the clothing industry in Portugal meaning costs are
usually less than in other countries in Europe. Brands like Zara take advantage of this and manufacture their clothes in Portugal. However, materials Portuguese workers use for their garments often come from Asia, for example cotton and silk from India. This means that costs are higher than those in the origin countries themselves as there is extra shipping.

India

India produces more cotton than anywhere else in the world. It also has a massive workforce meaning that clothes can be produced quickly. But their infrastructure doesn’t necessarily
mean that these fast production times are passed onto your fulfilment time as shipping time can eat into it. You need to also consider the wage for workers in India. It’s believed that 80% of India’s manufacturing industry is operating illegally by paying workers next to nothing. Although there is no living wage requirements in India, you should consider if this is an issue to your
brand or not.

How To Source Your Fabrics And Clothing?

Making sure you’re always sourcing your materials from the right sources, that offer the best rates, quickest production times, and ethics that meet your business is time-consuming. The
industry is forever changing and choosing the wrong manufacturer in the wrong country can minimize your profits, damage your brand, and ultimately lose you business. That’s why we can help. We are a UK based fashion sourcing company, with connections to manufacturing companies all over the world. “We know the end-to-end fashion manufacturing process, And with our years of sector experience & expertise, we can make sure the development of your products will run efficiently. With our trusted factories & quality control procedures you can rest assured your product is in safe hands.”

Contact us to discuss your project as no-one understands the manufacturing process like we do.

How to find Clothing Manufacturers

Fashion is quite hard to break into, especially for a beginner. You may be looking for clothing manufacturers who specialise in specific styles or material, but you may end up getting the wrong results. The cost that is often associated with the initial trial and error is the reason why most businesses give up. For those who want to start a clothing brand, a trusted apparel manufacturer is essential.

Finding decent clothing manufacturers to work hand in hand with can be a bit tricky. It is not for a lack of choices. What makes it difficult is the varied price ranges that you will come across when making enquiries. There is hardly any standardisation to speak of. While it is generally true that the more you pay the better the quality of products is, it is not always as cut and cut.

So you may think it’s easy at first just coming up with a design and giving it off to a manufacturer. In truth, you have to be very specific on the detailing of your clothes so that you can find the best things that can suit you and your designs.

Do you need a clothing manufacturer or a sourcing company?

A sourcing company is a go-between with the clothing manufacturer who handles the production for you, meaning you do not speak to the factory directly. The advantages of this are the knowledge, experience, quality control and relationships built up. It can take years to find reliable suppliers with the attention to detail required to do a clothing production run, a sourcing company would have this relationship already built.

There is a misconception that you’d pay a lot more per item, but as sourcing companies have bulk discounts in place the unit price is not much more. A price worth paying for that short-cut to the best factories and all that experience as an added bonus. And being based in the Uk, we have rigorous standards we meet.

With a sourcing company, you still have Minimum Order Quantities due to the fabric used, but an expert can help maximise this with a range plan. Contact us today for a free no-obligation conversion about this.

If you would still prefer to deal directly with the clothing manufacturer, read on.

How do clothing manufacturers work?

There are many different ways that clothing manufacturers work. Some apparel manufacturers operate on a contract basis, in which they are paid by the retailer to produce a given product. This means that the manufacturer may be responsible for everything from dyeing cotton materials to placing the final tags on garments.

Some manufacturers focus on particular aspects of their industry, such as chain-stitching, dyeing and printing, or separating fabric pieces into individual items. Manufacturers also produce clothing accessories in addition to the clothing itself. Other apparel

How long does it take to manufacture clothes?

From start to finish, our process is designed to work with the natural strengths of off-shore manufacturing. The result is a lean manufacturing system that keeps clothes flowing without wasting time or materials and creates real value for our customers. Our international network of factories is led by highly experienced teams who specialize in cutting and sewing for every type of garment we make.

Our Clothing manufacturers create our garments from designs, sample materials, and production plans we’ve sent ahead. This advanced planning makes it easier to control.

how to find a clothing manufacturer?

Learning how to find a clothing manufacturer can be a difficult task for small businesses or start-ups. There are many options out there, nevertheless, and you need to set some boundaries.

 

 

How to find Leisurewear Manufacturers

Are you looking for the best leisurewear manufacturers? The fashion industry continues to grow in leaps and bounds every year. Trends change, styles change, fashion houses evolve, but the one consistent thing is that people still need clothes.

The role they play in their lives is another story. For some, it’s just about covering yourself, whilst for some, it’s a statement. One might even dare to argue that even those who say they are saying nothing with the clothes they wear are making a loud and clear statement.

Leisurewear is no exception in the evolution of clothing lines. In this article, we take a look at how to go about finding the best manufacturer for leisurewear which may be useful if you are want to start a clothing line. Let’s take a look, shall we?

What is leisurewear?

Leisurewear is the type of clothing that is comfortable and easy to wear. It is what you will wear when you are relaxed or when you are not in a formal setting. For some occupations, leisurewear is business wear, meaning to say that is what they wear to work daily.

If you work mostly from home, like a lot of people are doing nowadays, leisurewear makes a statement that you’re decent enough to make a video call, but also comfortable as you do it.

In a lot of cases, leisurewear is designed for the younger generation. It is also now being made by many clothing lines, because of how comfortable it is.

What to look for in a good leisurewear manufacturer

The manufacturer that you choose for your brand needs to tick certain boxes. Personal preference comes into play here. The manufacturer has to have the capacity as well as the ability to make the leisure line that you want. It includes having the right machinery, the infrastructure as well as the labour.

The manufacturer’s location and proximity to you and where you will be sending the finished product also determines the overall price that the manufacturing process will cost you. Foreign manufacturers have their advantages and disadvantages as well. They may have a larger scale and more capacity as well as the ability to have more hands-on-deck, as compared to manufacturers in your area.

Operating on a larger scale may mean that it will be cheaper for you. But the costs may catch up when you need to move the inputs to and from the area. It is how it may be cheaper to do all the work in your local area. To find the best clothing manufacturer for your new leisurewear brand is essential.

Outsourcing Internationally

Choosing a foreign manufacturer also means that you will have to deal with possible language barriers and time zone differences. Effective communication is vital so that you ensure that the manufacturer makes the designs as they were intended.

The quality of the product may separate local manufacturers and foreign manufacturers. You want to make sure that the manufacturer can produce top quality so that all the effort that you have put in is worth it. Low quality can render the line useless. One way to know for sure if the quality is good is to request a sample of something similar to what you want to have done.

Material Required

You also want to know about the material that will be needed for your leisurewear and how easy it is to get to your manufacturer. Your designs will dictate the type of material that is necessary for your line to be made. In turn, this also tells you which manufacturer to go for. For instance, not all manufacturers are good with cotton, whilst others do better with woollen fabrics. Finding a manufacturer that is an all-rounder is a significant advantage.

Weigh your odds and work out the profit so that you see how lucrative it is. If it costs more to get the inputs to the manufacturer, than it costs to sell the line, then it may not be the best idea for your business.

The right manufacturer should be a one-stop-shop, a place where you can get your designs made right, fabrics sought out for you, patterns cut out, samples presented, and the final product delivered. These are the makings of a good leisurewear manufacturer, whether they are local or foreign.

One last thing

Just as any lucrative business, you need to make sure that you have a good business plan. This includes finding the right leisurewear manufacturer. Weigh your odds and do your due diligence so that you maximise your profit and brand name.

Manufacturers lists are sorted in order of capacity and capabilities. We have listed some of the best manufacturing names in the UK. Look them up and find the best fit for your leisure line.

How to find Freelance Fashion Designer

The natural order of things has been for talented fashion designers to be swooped by brands. Most designers would have coveted roles under the wings of some of the top designers in the world. The worldwide web has since made us an authentic global village. That has presented freelance fashion designers from all over the world a platform to showcase their talent.

Where previous generations of designers would have had to migrate to London, New York, Milan or Paris in pursuit of their dream, the current generation can do it from wherever they are. This is not to minimise the role that is still played by these fashion capitals. There is only so much that can be done remotely.

How much do freelance fashion designers make?

There are two ways to consider this. The easy access to designers that the web has given us means that there is more competition. You will often find that it leads to the proverbial race to the bottom. Designers start to undercut one another in attempts to land clients. In the end, everyone loses. The winning designer will end up being in an underpaid and overworked position.

That is a struggle primarily reserved for those that are still to make their mark. While researching for this article, I found that the bulk of freelance fashion designer jobs advertised at a starting salary of between $36 000 and $89 000 depending on credentials and experience.

There is no limit to how much one can earn as their name becomes synonymous with quality. It is commerce after all; supply and demand. The more demand there is for a freelance fashion designer’s services, the higher the reward.

What does a freelance fashion designer do?

Perhaps we have gone ahead of ourselves a little. Let’s make sure that we are on the same page. What is a freelance fashion designer? As the name suggests, this is a person that provides their designing services to those within the fashion industry, working directly with fashion brands or clothing manufacturers. A freelancer can specialise in a type of design that they would become sought after for. It can be in surface pattern design, Aztec designs, African fabric, leather and so on.

In some cases, they would double as a stylist. Being able to work on designs is associated with a keen eye for fashion as a whole. One unique fashion designer you can check out is Ugo Mozie. His work sees him collaborate with celebrities and travel across the globe, doing what he loves.

How to become a freelance fashion designer

There are various paths that one can take to become a freelance fashion designer. Here are some things that you must consider:

  • Work on your craft.
  • Expand your circle.
  • Build a portfolio.
  • Learn from the greats.
  • Find your own path.
  • Foster collaboration.

Work on your craft

This is a step that is often taken for granted. The theory is that it takes 10000 hours to master something. It requires a lot of patience and passion. If fashion is dear to you, that should not be a problem.

Build a portfolio

Most people that will hire you will want to see what you have done. Not many people are looking to take a chance without seeing some evidence of your skills. That is why you must invest time and effort into building the very best portfolio possible. It has to be one that you can be proud of.

The only question to ask yourself is, “Would I be proud to show this to the best designers around?” If not, you can keep improving it until you are happy with it.

Once you have a portfolio ready, make use of the internet to get it out there. Platforms such as Instagram are great for this. Connect with other freelance fashion designers. Interact with the content that they share. They will usually do the same for you. Having your own website would also help. It gives you more room to make it look and feel the way that you think best represents your brand.

Expand your circle

Having a good portfolio is excellent, but it is not always enough. Sometimes having the right people to vouch for you or to point you in the right direction simply is what gets you where you want to go. The easiest way to expand your circle is to attend events and fundraisers within the industry. You are not going there with an express aim of selling anything. Just mingle and exchange contact details.

Learn from the greats

A common theme among successful designers is that they took an internship at one point or another. Being under the wings of an experienced designer gives you a vantage point to learn from them. You get to see the processes and techniques that they use daily. It is also an opportunity to learn the business side of things. If you do well on this internship, you will have a powerful ally for life.

Find your own path

The industry does not need a Coco Chanel or Versace replica. There is only room for one of those. Your unique take is what sells. Find it. That is what will make clients call you instead of other freelance designers.

Foster collaboration

There is not enough said about the power of collaboration. Whatever audience you have built will expand in ways that you cannot imagine through collaborating with other designers. Let’s borrow an example from the world of music. There are Linkin Park fans that would have never listened to Jay Z. That is until he collaborated with a band that they liked. The same is true for Jay Z fans who discovered Linkin Park the collaboration. It was lucrative for both sides.

The best way to seek collaboration is to find crossovers. What are some things that your audience appreciate about other artists? Another way to collaborate is to discover influencers that would appreciate your craft. You can provide them with some of your designers in exchange for publicity.

How do I learn fashion designing from home?

The internet has a wide range of resources for learning fashion designing. There are Youtube channels dedicated to this. You can also find a wide range of courses that you can take part in entirely online. Google is the best place to start.

One Last Thing

It takes some tenacity to make it in the industry. The beauty of it is that there is freedom at the end of it. You get to make a living doing something that you love. The rest of us get to see your exceptional talent.

How to find Streetwear Manufacturers

Clothing and apparel differ according to different factors. Some of these factors include the purpose for which it will be worn, the gender, size, and build of the wearer. Pricing also differs according to some of these factors and more. Today, the textile industry is a multibillion-dollar industry.

Whilst there are many facets to the clothing industry, they each have their place in our lives. In this article, we take a look at streetwear manufacturers, the trends that hit the streets, and which brands bring those trends to life. This is aimed to help anyone trying to start a clothing line and it’s easy to find a freelance fashion designer to help you create the clothing designs.

History of Streetwear

Whilst streetwear seems like it’s what the cool kids wear today, it goes way back. It has been around for many years. The difference is that it evolves with each year. New trends come up, and they build upon what already exists, ringing true to the saying, there is nothing new under the sun.

Taking a step back in time, it’s easy to see that streetwear is growing in popularity thanks to more celebrities and influential people wearing streetwear. By definition, streetwear is casual clothing, something casual. It made its way onto the international scene in the ’70s. originating from the New York Hip Hop culture, it quickly spread like a wildfire through various artforms.

Through the years, it has continued to be more and more cemented as a part of the culture. Streetwear has become a form of identity to a certain extent.

Why is streetwear so popular?

The growing popularity of streetwear can be attributed to its comfort. Streetwear by nature, is comfortable and casual, making it easy to wear and hence a go-to for anyone who is active and “ïn the streets”.

It has also been popularized by major influences including sport, music, and pop culture. As media has evolved into being globally accessible, fashion has also become a major part of that globalization.

Top streetwear brands

Some of the top streetwear brands are also some of the leading manufacturers. Here’s a list of some of the top streetwear brands on the market today. Supreme, Noah, Awaka NY, Aime Leon Dore, Golf wang, Palace, Braindead, Cactus planet flea market, Adidas, New Balance, and Nike

These are some of the international names that you have probably heard of and perhaps wear. Whilst they may have different target markets, they also have a cross-section of the same. However, these brands, require a manufacturer for them to “hit the streets”

Manufacturing within your area.

There are a couple of advantages when you choose a manufacturer within your area. One of those is reduced logistics costs. You will not need to travel very far to go to where your brand is being sewn.  Another advantage is in lower manufacturing costs, which in turn means that the cost does not need to be passed onto the consumer.

The disadvantage would be if you are unable to get high-quality manufacturers within your area. This has a large impact on your brand and the way that it will be received by the public so t’s important to find the right clothing manufacturer. 

What should you look for in a streetwear manufacturer?

There are several features that you need to ensure your manufacturer has. Amongst these are your labour costs. Foreign labour may work out to be more affordable but it may not be the best quality.

Also, ensure that your communication is easy and can be clear. This way you are able to have your streetwear brand, made as per instruction. When considering foreign manufacturers, think about shipping costs and the ease of you getting your orders. You may also want to think about time differences, and how you will conduct business with the chosen manufacturer.

Do your research about the various countries and make sure that they are marketable. For instance, clothes made in the US are generally easier to market to a global audience. They already have a market that you can tap into with your brand.

You need to make sure that the manufacturer that you choose is reputable and that you can trust them with your orders. You also want to make sure that all your paperwork is in place. Intellectual property is an important facet to check on, especially since the manufacturer will have to have full access to your logos and all working files. Make sure that you own your brand.

The other factor that you will need to think about, is the manufacturer’s capacity. Find out if they can meet demand in terms of quantity and also in terms of the types of clothing they can make.

Also, make sure that your designs are not lost in translation. If you speak a different language, both figuratively and literally, this could be a problem. Streetwear is a specific style and as such, you need a manufacturer that will not question your decisions but just go with the flow and produce what you have asked them to.

How do I find a good streetwear manufacturer?

There are a couple of ways to do this. You can do a google search, find a list from a directory or go by word of mouth and referrals. What’s the word on the street about a particular manufacturer? Look at their track record as well.

One last thing

The thing about fashion is that it’s not black and white and neither can it be put in a box and labelled. The loudest voice will always be what the people respond to. The streets will tell you what the voice of that era is saying.

Regardless of the manufacturer that you choose, it is important that you make sure the integrity of your brand remains intact. Streetwear has a specific style that may not be understood by all. It’s best to ensure that you can clearly communicate your vision to your manufacturer.

How To Start A Clothing Line

Start-up clothing brands are popping up more than ever these days, with many seeing an opportunity in starting a clothing business. But if you’ve ever wanted to start a fashion brand from nothing, then you may find this blog of use when launching a clothing label.

We have seen first-hand the success of Sik Silk, 11 Degrees, Judas Sinned and many more. And we can share with you the key to success for starting up your own clothing brand. From the initial sample run to that first sale, every step is tough but exhilarating. Here is our ten-step blueprint plan to success in starting your clothing business.

Start your clothing business in 10 stages

Bring these ten steps to life with our guide to starting a clothing business below.

1. Pick your niche

Starting a clothing business is a big move which needs time and money so you have to be fully committed to success. You need to be creative, driven and have trend direction to stay ahead in such a competitive and fast-moving industry. If you have seen a gap in the market or have some killer designs in mind, then it might be time to count the pennies and plan out your growth. It’s essential to know your niche from the beginning. Who is your target audience? Who is your competition? Do you have something that people will want to buy? Are you going to start with one specific item like the simple cotton tee? Or begin with shirts like Father and Sons? Or make your name with headwear like Fresh Ego Kid? Are you targetting the fitness sector or the casual streetwear market?

Your niche could be sustainable and ethical sourcing which is very current with the furore at the fast fashion industry. Know your niche, and work to this ideal. You can’t keep chopping and changing until you’ve got a presence and loyal fanbase. Sure you can bring out Menswear or Womenswear collections in the future, but staying true to who you are is essential.

2. Set your budget and create a business plan

Create a budget by separating your starter capital into realistic budgets for production (and transport costs), website, marketing and operational infrastructure. Look at all sourcing options, and contact us if you want to talk these through. You can buy stock items and brand these up, or go directly to the factories for lower unit cost but higher minimum quantities. You usually have to pay deposits to start sampling and pay the balance on shipping. There are very few ways to start a clothing brand for free in the current economical climate. Even if your starting small scale with a few designs, you still need a website to sell these. You will likely need to contact a website design company or build it yourself. You may be tempted by Shopify so be aware there are monthly charges to keep it active which should be factored in.

The fashion industry is notoriously tough. On getting your stock you have a limited seasonal window to sell it in, then it’s old news and will likely be put on sale. You are also in competition with other brands who are offering end of season clearance sale prices to generate funds and clear space for the new season. Styles and trends change quickly so you can be left with a lot of old stock if not careful.

Stick to your budget. There is no point over-spending on production if you have no money to advertise or have a website running. Feel free to create multiple designs and Pantone colourways, but equally be prepared to cut some out of your range plans based on unit cost and feedback. Your first designs will be your entry to the fashion industry and the creation of your clothing line, but also crucially your easy route to market. You will know the unit price to manufacture, retail price and the demand for the product. Sometimes wild designs catch attention but simple sells.  Either way, start small and grow with the demand.

If cashflow is dry and you need a business plan to secure funding, it’s essential to start off by nailing the basics. You’ll need to give a breakdown of your business including price points, route to market, competitor analysis and a strategy for growth and scale. You should also be clear on who is involved with the business, their skill sets, who you will outsource any gaps too, and of course marketing and branding strategy. It’s also crucial to have clear operational plans including warehouse and postage.

Finally, the crucial financials. What will their investment do and how will it scale your growth?

3. Get organised

There is a lot to consider to start a clothing line. You will need somewhere to store the stock, to pick and pack and post. You will need to register with HRMC for tax purposes as all items carry VAT. You need to either have a website or a physical place to sell your clothing. Who is going to design the items? Who is going to pick and pack when they sell? Who is going to manage customer services, social media, marketing, etc? Do you need an accountant? Do you need to register the company with Companies House? Are you importing the stock and is VAT payable on arrival? Do you need insurance? If you have big plans it might be time to contact us for a free consultation to find out the key requirements.

All this needs to be mapped out or outsourced to a specialised e-commerce marketing company.

4. Set a timeframe.

Make sure you know how long the process takes to be ready for launch. Are you planning on a summer range? Do you need to have your samples in January or February and your stock by April/May? Choose your season and work backwards. Demand for swimwear in Winter is low. Give yourself some margin for unexpected delays and getting the samples right. This can take months which can be frustrating but means a better end product.

5. Get Designing

For any start-up clothing business, this is the key stage, there is nothing like seeing your sketched design come to life on a CAD image and tech pack giving the manufacturer all the crucial technical information to make the item. If you cannot do this yourself on illustrator then an expert design team can assist. Try setting up a range plan and looking at the collection as a whole. Does it go well together? Are there enough signature pieces?

How To Start A Clothing Line

6. Create your brand

People don’t just buy clothes, they buy a brand. Do you want to be a big logo brand like Scar Tissue or be subtle branding? Branding is the key to the success of any business, particularly in the fashion world. You will be able to instantly know many of your favourites by name. It’s not just the logo, it’s how you act, speak, and look. It’s your website, your packaging, your swing ticket and is the story you want to tell. You can’t fake a great brand, it takes time and has to be in everything you do. How you are perceived is crucial to success. Your brand includes customer services and quality of the product. Be consistent and deliver on your promises.

7. Start the manufacturing process

Now it gets real. You need product so can either make the clothes yourself or stock buy and get it branded up. But if you are working with factories, you have your CAD designs and tech packs, and it’s time to start the sampling process. Shop around and get quotes and look at international options like Portugal, Turkey, China, India, Bangladesh and Pakistan. If possible, get samples from multiple factories and compare price vs quality.

Make sure you understand the details and how much it will cost to import the goods. What are the minimum order quantities and what size breaks do you need? How much will it cost for the full-size break and is this within your budget if you include import duty and transport? How much does the sample cost and if you are doing the fashion shoot in the sample what size is needed?

If you are working directly with a clothing factory check the samples match your tech pack. Is the sizing consistent? Does the Pantone colour match the set and the jogger match the hoodie? Try things on and check the fit. Get others too as well, preferably of different body shapes.

8. Test your product with Market Research

Feedback is a gift. There is no point in having a fashion brand where you are the only person to like it, and why start a clothing line if not to sell it. Use social media to showcase new designs and test reaction to design and price points, building a buzz at the same time. Sell your samples through Facebook Marketplace. Build relationships with customers and talk to them about what they like about your product. Understanding why a style is selling and what isn’t is crucial to success and that customer lifetime value.

User experience for websites is crucial. It has to be user-friendly and remove all obstacles. If you plan on social advertising, consider that 90% of the traffic will be on mobile, so make such you have a responsive website.

9. Start Selling

After months of planning, it’s now time to take the plunge and place that first order. Double-check your business plan and your price points. Make sure your sales platform is at least on schedule to be ready for launch. It’s time to start marketing and building that brand buzz. Get that product in and turn it around fast. The quicker it sells, the less chance of the clothing needing a clearance sale. Smell what sells and make sure you have the product to meet demand. Be prepared to order more, taking into account production and delivery timeframes.

Focus on your sales platform and make sure your users aren’t abandoning the site before purchase.

10. Scale and Grow

Your clothing line is launched, and sales are flowing. Perhaps you are already planning new products or bigger quantity orders?

It’s crucial to reflect on how your business is going before committing further. Sounds simple but don’t spend money you don’t have. It can take years to see a profit and return on investment so scalable growth is crucial.

DESIGN & SOURCE YOUR PRODUCTS

Please click here to download a pdf copy of our “Design & Source Your Products” guide.
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INTRODUCTION

Whether you are an established brand or retailer, or whether you are just starting up and looking for information regarding the process of designing, sampling & producing your products, we are here to help.

 

This document outlines the fundamentals of everything you will need to consider when developing your products.
From the stages you will need to go through, to the likely lead times, to the likely costs.

 

This document is a summary overview and generic to most situations however, your project is bespoke and therefore may vary slightly from these general stages.

 

We are on hand to discuss your project in detail & tailor the process & budgets to fit your requirements.

 

If you have any questions please contact us and we’ll guide you through the process.

 

DESIGN, SAMPLING & PRODUCTION STAGES

There are several stages we will working through when creating your products; from design through sampling & ultimately production.
 
There are no obligations to use us for the full supply chain. For example;
  • If you just require design, then we can provide only those services.
  • If you already have design, then we can just provide the production
  • We offer discounts based on the number of services we provide each customer.
  •  
    Right from the outset we will estimate your likely costs ahead so you can make informed decisions on how your collection will take shape.
    At each stage we will work with you to get your comments and approvals before moving onto the next stage.
    Therefore, at every stage you remain in control & in knowledge of the next stage & any likely associated costs. Nothing moves forward without your prior approval to do so.

     

    STAGE 1) RANGE PLANNING

    We must first understand your Range Plan of products (the total number of products & which product types your collection might consist of).
    • Some customers come to us knowing exactly how many garments & what garment types they want.
    • Others are more ambiguous & not sure how many styles they should have in their collection.

     

    If you are unsure of what Range Plan you might want or how much the likely costs might be to design, sample & produce a collection, we suggest using our Range Plan Calculator.
    • Should the link to our Range Plan Calculator not work for any reason, please email us to request a copy.

     

    Once opened, our Range Plan Calculator ask’s several questions for you to answer. i.e.
    • How many total styles do you think you might like in your collection?
    • What average quantity per style might you intend to produce?
    • How many years has you brand been trading?
    • Which season will you be launching your collection?
    • What % of your collection will be men’s or women’s?

     

    Subject to the answers you provide, the Range Plan Calculator will then estimate;
    • Which product types you should likely include in your collection.
    • Based on average prices, the likely cost of design, sampling & production budgets.

     

    The Range Plan Calculator is only meant to provide you with an example split of product types & budgets. Your final collection can be amended as you see fit. Please note;
    • The design, sampling & production budgets provided in the Range Plan Calculator are based on rough averages and only meant for ballpark figures.
    • All final design, sampling & production values will be quoted to you based on your specific collection and are subject to increase or discount base on your bespoke project.
    • The Range Plan Calculator values are only to give you a ballpark estimate so you can roughly see how far your budget might stretch & so you can amend your collection size based on your budgets.

     

    The idea of the Range Plan Calculator is so that you can work out what your collection size might be and what split of product types you might want in your collection so that you can roughly work out either;
    • How many garments you might get for your budget, or;
    • How much it might cost based on the number of styles you’re looking to produce.

     

    What we are trying to achieve during the range planning stage is to understand your total collection size & the split of product types in your collection before moving to the design stage.

     

    STAGE 2) DESIGN

    Once we have your Range Plan confirmed we then require a design brief from you.
  • Some clients are very specific over what they want & just require us to professionally draw their ideas & make them factory ready.
  • Other clients have vague ideas or ’sketches on the back of napkins’ & looking for us to develop those ideas further.
  • Other customers are completely ambiguous & look to us to supply trend, colour or consumer forecasting & develop a design direction for them.
  •  
    However the brief comes, once you know your collection size (see Stage 1), we then need to ascertain your design brief.
  • Some clients provide basic sketches.
  • Some clients send photos.
  • Some clients provide written briefs
  • Some clients provide example brought samples.
  •  
    However you feel most comfortable presenting your design brief is up to you, we can work with anything you might supply.
     
    The Range Plan Calculator (see Stage 1) will estimate a ballpark figure for design work however once we have your final Range Plan & Design Brief, we’ll then formalise a bespoke design quote for you.
    Please note the Range Plan Calculator estimates the design budget based on averages & prior to any further discounts (see Likely Costs – Design) and therefore your design budget will often stretch further than the Range Plan Calculator might first estimate).
     
    We will then start the design process & send the designs to you for approval.
  • Initially we’ll usually start by designing the front, back & detailed construction drawings of each style.
  • Any logo’s, labels, trims or graphics would also be designed.
  • These will be sent to you for comment & approval.
  • Once the collection is approved, we will then move onto developing the factory technical specification packs (Tech Packs) for each style.
  • The Tech Packs gives the factory all the information they will need to produce your initial samples. i.e.
  • Fabric type & compositions
  • Garment colours
  • Print positions
  • Fit & construction references
  • Measurement specifications
  •  
    Once you’ve approved your collection design & the Tech Packs have been produced we can then move forward to the Costing stage

     

    STAGE 3) COSTING

    Whilst you will already have a ballpark production budget from the Range Plan Calculator (see Stage 1), this will only have been provided as an estimate.  
    Once the designs stage is complete, all of your Tech Packs will then sent to our suppliers for 1to1 costing.
  • When sending your designs for costing we will consider things such as; the product type, likely production quantity, likely production lead time, likely average regional unit costs, as well as other specific factors specific to your project when deciding which suppliers & likely country of manufacture is most suitable.
  • We have a large network of established & trusted suppliers for all product types across multiple production countries.
  • If you would like further information which country of manufacture might be most suitable & the pro’s & con’s to each region, we can discuss this with you.
  •  
    Once unit prices are returned, we will then advise you of the exact unit prices for your bespoke designs.
  • We will help you estimate not only the individual unit prices of each style, but any other possible additional charges such as Freight, Duties or Taxes to deliver your products.
  • Most of the time, due to average prices being used, the estimated production budget in the Range Plan Calculator is an over-estimate & normally the final overall budget usually come back cheaper (subject to your bespoke designs) and therefore usually your production budget will stretch slightly further than the Range Plan Calculator might first estimate.
  •  
    Assuming you are still happy in principle (subject to seeing samples) with the total budget, we can then proceed to the sampling stage.

     

    STAGE 4) SAMPLING

    Once your bespoke garment prices are approved in principle (subject to samples), we will move forward to sampling stage.
     
    Initial samples of your designs will be produced. Please note;
  • As no official bulk order has yet been placed, initial samples will be made without any labels or trims.
  • The majority of the time your designs will be sampled using the correct fabrics however, on occasion, if the fabrics is specialised or not available then a substitute similar fabric might be used.
  • During initial sampling not every style in every colour might be produced. On occasion one sample of one colour way might be sampled & additional dyed colour swatches might be supplied for the alternative colour ways. Other elements such as prints or embroideries might be supplied on fabric swatches.
  • The idea of initial sampling is to turn your 2D designs into the 1st 3D sample for you to fit & comment upon.
  • Think of initial sampling as a recipe of elements, a fit sample, a colour swatch, fabric swatches, print or embroidery swatches, etc. All the elements which will make up your bespoke designs.
  • Any brought samples that you might supply us for references (i.e. fits, fabrics, constructions) we will endeavour to return you however we are afraid that we cannot guarantee their safe return. Due to the volume of reference samples going through our factories & the fact reference samples are often sent out to other 3rd parties (such as fabric mills, embroidery & print houses) that reference sample can, on occasion, get misplaced. Also, on occasion, reference samples are required to be cut or defaced in some way to allow the factories to test fabric compositions, weights & pattern pieces. Therefore, we cannot guarantee the safe return of reference samples however we do endeavour to return reference samples where possible.
  • We strive, where possible, to ensure your initial samples are as close to your bespoke design as possible but without order commitment it’s not always possible.
  •  
    Once your initial samples are delivered to you, we will then work with you to help comment on your samples and provide the factory with industry standard terms & definitions they require to proceed into the order stage.

     

    STAGE 5) BULK ORDER

    Once your initial samples have been commented upon it will be time to place your bulk order.
  • Placing the bulk order allows our factories to produce your bespoke fabric, dye your bespoke colours & produce your bespoke labels & trims.
  •  
    Once your fabrics, label & trims arrive in-house a further 2nd sample will be produced of your styles. This is called a ‘Pre-Production’ (or ‘PP’) sample.
  • Your PP samples will have any comment changes from your initial sample, be in the exact fabric, colours & have all labels & trims attached.
  • A PP sample is supposed to be representative of your final bulk production.
  •  
    Once your PP samples have been received, we will again work with you on your comments. Please note;
  • As bulk fabrics will be in-house & dyed + labels & trims already produced, at PP sample stage you are more limited to the comments you can make than during initial sampling.
  • You can still of course comment on things such as fit & styling and other elements however changes to fabrics, colours, labels or trims may incur further costs.
  • On occasion, if you wanted to make a styling change or there’s been a mistake in the PP sample & you are not confident enough to approve the style into physical bulk production, then a re-submit PP sample may be required.
  • Re-submit samples are possible but may result in production delays.
  •  
    Once you have given your approvals on your PP samples, the physical bulk production can begin.

     

    STAGE 6) BULK PRODUCTION

    Once you have given approval to do so, the physical bulk production can start.
  • During production, in-line quality control checks will take place. In-line quality control checks are undertaken at random throughout the different stages of the production process to try to eliminate or rectify any possible issues as they occur.
  •  
    Once your bulk production is complete your products will go to the pressing & packing stage ready for shipment.
  • During the packing stage, once your products are in sealed boxes ready for shipment, an end-of-line quality control check will take place. An end-of-line control means that boxes will be opened at random to check a reasonable % of your finished goods. Only if these checks are OK is an order approved to ship. Should the quality control fail for any reason, then further checks will take place including but not limited to a 100% quality control.
  •  
    A further & final sample will be sent to you. This is called a ‘Shipment Sample’. This sample is pulled from random from your bulk production.
  • Due to Shipment Samples being provided from finish bulk production, no comments or changes can be made.
  • The purpose of a Shipment Sample is for you to confirm the final production matches your expectations & for you to give the approval to ship.
  •  
    Once you have approved your Shipment Sample, we can move to the shipment stage.

     

    STAGE 7) SHIPMENT AND DELIVERY

    We can arrange the shipment, customs clearance & delivery of your products for you through our network of trusted freight forwarders or if you have your own nominated forwarder, we can deliver your goods for them to arrange the shipment & delivery.
     
    Subject to the country of manufacture, qty of goods to be shipped & cost considerations, we can ship via Road, Sea or Air.
     
    Once your goods arrive at port they will be customs cleared & the delivery instructions will be arranged with you prior to final delivery of your products.
     
    We also provide warehousing & order fulfilment, therefore if you don’t have the ability to warehouse your goods yourself we can do this for you. For more information please contact us to request details.

     

    LEAD TIMES

    The lead times for design through sample development, from bulk production through finally delivery are subject to many factors & each project is unique. Factors include;
  • Size of collection
  • Product types
  • Number of comment changes
  • Number of sample rounds
  • Fabric lead times
  • Production lead time
  • Freight lead times
  •  
    As a general rule of thumb however please allow roughly the following lead times;
  • Design – 2-3 weeks (subject to collection size)
  • Sample Development – 3-4 weeks (per sample round, there wil be a minimum of x2 samples rounds for the initial & PP sample stages)
  • Physical Bulk Production – 4-6 weeks (once approval into bulk production has been given)
  • Shipment – 1-4 weeks (subject to country of manufacture & freight method)
  •  
    Therefore, please estimate on average C.3-6 months lead time from design through to delivery of product.
     
    We have a handy Production Calendar we’re happy to share with customers which outlines the lead times you will need to consider when producing a collection to ensure your products arrive in line with the fashion season selling windows. Please click the link above to request access to this calendar to help with your planning (please note this is a Google Calendar & you will require a Google Account to access it).

     

    LIKELY COSTS – OVERVIEW

    Every project we work on is unique & bespoke. Therefore, it is impossible to give accurate figures until we know more about your project.

     

    A good place to start however is with our handy Range Plan Calculator.
    • This calculator will estimate the likely design, sampling & production costs for your collection based on questions it will ask you to answer.
    • Please see above in “Stage 1 – Range Planning” for further details.
    • Should the link to our Range Plan Calculator not work for any reason, please email us to request a copy.

     

    Alternatively, if you know more specifically what size of collection & what split of product types your collection will consist of, please e-mail us and we can give you a quote on the estimated value of design, sampling & sourcing of your collection.

     

    Although providing accurate prices without knowing more about your project isn’t possible, please see below some further information of some of the likely costs for each stage:

     

    LIKELY COSTS – DESIGN

    Garment Design;
  • Estimate x2-3hrs work per style.
  • This includes all the front, back & construction drawings, any labels & trims, the approval process to refine your designs & a factory technical speciation pack (Tech Pack).
  • A Tech Pack provides the factory with everything they need to produce the samples including fabric type & compositions, colours or washes, fit or construction references, graphic dimensions & positions, labels & trims.
  •  
    Logo Design:
  • Estimate x3-6hrs work per logo.
  • During logo design we will usually start by designing several completely different logo concepts. These will be submitted to you for comment.
  • Subject to the comments received we will tend to go through further development round, each time refining your chosen logo options until you are happy with a final logo concept.
  •  
    Graphic Design:
  • Estimate x2-8hrs work per graphic.
  • Subject to the complexity of the graphics required the time to design them can vary considerably.
  • We can discuss your graphic ideas and estimate a more accurate quote of time.
  • During the graphic development stage, we will usually design the desired graphic, send this to you for comment & refine the graphic until you are happy with the final concept.
  •  
    Rates:
  • Our base rate design services are charged at £50/hr.
  • Discounts off our base rates are applicable subject to taking other services with us. For example;
  • If you intend to take sourcing services with us, we discount our base rates by 20% to £40/hr.
  • If you also take additional services with us (for example website build, marketing or warehousing) we discount our base rates by 30% to £35/hr.
  • Prices are quoted in £GBP & exclude any taxes.
  • To estimate your design budget please do the following;
  • Garment Design: Number of styles x 2-3hrs per style x £35-£50/hr
  • Logo Design: Number of logos x 3-6hrs per logo x £35-£50/hr
  • Graphic Design: Number of graphics x 2-8hrs per graphic x £35-50/hr
  •  

    LIKELY COSTS – SAMPLING

    Due to no physical order commitment at the initial sampling stage (see Stage 4 – Sampling) there is a charge of, on average, £100-£200 per initial sample produced (subject to product type, fabrics, etc.)
  • Apparel samples are usually £100 per sample.
  • Accessory samples are usually £100 per sample.
  • Footwear samples are usually £200 per sample.
  • Prices are quoted in £GBP & exclude any taxes.
  •  
    Sampling charges are refundable off your subsequent bulk production order (subject to the order volume produced). For example, order volumes of;
  • >501pcs per style = 100% refund on sampling charges.
  • 401-500pcs per style = 80% refund on sampling charges.
  • 301-400pcs per style = 60% refund on sampling charges.
  • 201-300pcs per style = 40% refund on sampling charges.
  • 101-200pcs per style = 20% refund on sampling charges.
  • <100pcs per style = 0% refund on sampling charges.
  •  
    To estimate your sample budget please do the following;
  • Number of samples required x £100-£200 per sample.
  • Sampling will then be refunded based on bulk order qty placed (subject to order volumes outlined above).
  •  

    LIKELY COSTS – PRODUCTION

    Unit prices of garments vary significantly based on your bespoke designs, qty produced & country of manufacture. Freight, duties & taxes also vary subject to country of manufacture.
     
    The main thing that effects the unit price of the garment however is the quantity produced. During the costing stage (see Stage 3 – Costing) we will confirm to you the exact unit prices of each of your products (including estimates on any freight, duty & taxes which might be applicable) Below is a general chart of likely average unit prices based on product type & quantity produced however these are only averages and subject to many factors outlined above):
     
    Scroll to see more.
    PRODUCT TYPE <500 499-400 399-300 299-200 199-100 99-50 >49
    APPAREL
    T-Shirts & Tops £6.00 £6.50 £7.00 £8.50 £10.00 £14.00 £17.50
    Vests £5.50 £6.00 £6.50 £8.00 £9.00 £13.00 £16.50
    Polos £8.00 £8.50 £9.00 £11.00 £12.50 £18.00 £22.50
    Sweatshirts £10.50 £11.50 £12.00 £14.50 £17.00 £24.00 £30.00
    Hoodies £12.00 £13.50 £14.00 £17.00 £19.50 £28.00 £35.00
    Shirts & Blouses £14.00 £15.00 £16.00 £19.00 £22.50 £32.00 £40.00
    Joggers £10.50 £11.50 £12.00 £14.50 £17.00 £24.00 £30.00
    Shorts £8.50 £9.50 £10.00 £12.00 £14.00 £20.00 £25.00
    Swimwear £13.00 £14.50 £15.00 £18.00 £21.00 £30.00 £37.50
    Jeans £14.00 £15.00 £16.00 £19.00 £22.50 £32.00 £40.00
    Trousers £14.00 £15.00 £16.00 £19.00 £22.50 £32.00 £40.00
    Jackets £26.00 £28.50 £30.00 £36.00 £42.00 £60.00 £75.00
    Jumpsuits £12.00 £13.50 £14.00 £17.00 £19.50 £28.00 £35.00
    Dresses £13.00 £14.50 £15.00 £18.00 £21.00 £30.00 £37.50
    Skirts £8.50 £9.50 £10.00 £12.00 £14.00 £20.00 £25.00
    ACCESSORIES
    Headwear £4.50 £5.00 £5.50 £6.00 £7.00 £10.00 £12.50
    Underwear £4.50 £5.00 £5.50 £6.00 £7.00 £10.00 £12.50
    Bags £8.50 £9.50 £10.00 £12.00 £14.00 £20.00 £25.00
    Belts £8.50 £9.50 £10.00 £12.00 £14.00 £20.00 £25.00
    Jewellery £13.00 £14.50 £15.00 £18.00 £21.00 £30.00 £37.50
    FOOTWEAR
    Trainers £14.50 £15.50 £16.50 £20.00 £23.00 £33.00 £41.50
    Shoes £11.50 £13.00 £13.50 £16.00 £19.00 £27.00 £34.00
    Boots £15.50 £17.00 £18.00 £21.50 £25.00 £36.00 £45.00
    High Heel £13.00 £14.50 £15.00 £18.00 £21.00 £30.00 £37.50
    Flip Flops £6.50 £7.00 £7.50 £9.00 £10.50 £15.00 £19.00
  • Prices are estimate averages only & subject to your bespoke design & country of manufacture.
  • Prices are in £GBP & exclude and freight, duties or taxes.
  • If your product type is not on the above list, please email us to request further information.
  •  
    As you can see prices vary considerably based on the quantity produced per design. You can therefore weigh up the pro’s & con’s to ordering a larger volume at a lower unit price vs. ordering a lower volume at a higher unit price. Prices are quoted per style per colour. Therefore, even if you have exactly the same design but in two separate colour ways, then they are considered two separate styles. Similarly, if you have the same design in the same colour but with different graphics on the garment, these are also considered two separate styles. The reason is that during production there are different minimums throughout the process (i.e. fabric minimums, cutting minimums, dying minimums, printing minimums, etc.) Therefore, pricing is quoted per style, per colour.
     
    To estimate your likely production budget please do the following;
  • Product type unit price based on quantity to product x quantity.
  •  

    LIKELY COSTS – FREIGHT, DUTIES & TAXES

    Freight, Duties & Taxes vary considerably based on product type and country of manufacture.
    The below examples are based on shipping into the United Kingdom, if your products are delivering outside of the UK, then different charges may apply.
     
  • Freight:
  • Freight is based on weight, volume & shipment method (i.e. Road, Sea or Air)
  • Therefore, freight costs cannot be accurately calculated until your production is complete & ready to ship.
  • We do however estimate freight charges for customers so they can budget. We usually estimate;
  • Road freight = 8% of the total production value.
  • Sea freight = 10% of the total production value.
  • Air freight = 12% of the total production value.
  • To estimate the likely freight costs please do as follows;
  • Total production value x % of freight method.
  •  
  • Duties:
  • Duties are subject to product type & country of manufacture.
  • Duty rates can vary from 0% through to 20% of the product unit price. As a rough guide,
  • if your products are being produced inside the EU then the duty rate will be 0%,
  • if producing outside of the EU please estimate an average of 12% duties.
  • To estimate the likely duty costs please do as follows;
  • Total production value x 12%
  •  
  • Taxes:
  • Taxes are subject to product gender & country of import.
  • Children’s wear carries a 0% tax rate.
  • All other genders carry a 20% VAT tax rate.
  • If you are VAT registered, you can re-claim any import taxes via HMRC.
  • To estimate the likely tax costs please do as follows;
  • Total production value x 20%
  •  

    PAYMENT TERMS

    There are different payment terms on the different stages of design, sampling & production as follows;
     
  • Design = 100% proforma
  • Sampling = 100% proforma
  • Production = 50% deposit upon bulk order placement / 50% prior to shipment.
  •  
    In special circumstances we will consider offering payment terms to customers, but this is subject to the value of the project, credit checks & whether security can be obtained in the form of a Bank Draft or Letter of Credit.

     

    SUMMARY

    We love our job! Each project we work on is new and different. With years of experience in the fashion industry & in particular in the supply chain, we understand the process from start to finish.
     
    We design & sourcing products from a huge verity of genres; from men’s to women’s, from adults to children’s, from couture to fast fashion & across all sorts of product types.
    We’re yet to find a customer that we’ve not be able to service!
    Therefore, no matter the size of your collection or scale of your ambitions, we are here to help with the entire supply chain.
     
    We’re not your average supplier either, we don’t just understand product, we understand everything from web design through online marketing (details can be found on our sister division Rag-Creative). Even warehousing, fulfilment & distribution can be handled in house (details can be found on our sister division Rag-Wholesale).
    We are uniquely positioned not only to understand design & sourcing but the whole chain in how to operate a successful brand.
    We approach things differently to others by focusing not only on your product but the bigger picture of what’s likely to make for a successful brand launch.
     
    We look forward to discussing the requirements of your project and helping bring your collections to like!

     

    Design Philosophy

    Our philosophy is simple – to look at the world around us, to keep our eyes open, quite simply to love the world of fashion. We’re proud to put our name to every style we produce.

    ” The inspiration for each range comes from an eclectic mix of sources. It can be a sharp piece of tailoring to an underground street-wear movement, from the high street to a cult brand, from the here and now or a place in time. Our design philosophy is always about innovation – refreshing and updating – but most importantly, always meeting the client’s brief. We’re proud to put our name to every style we produce and present.

    We’re always looking at who, what and where is influencing and directing today’s trends. That can be vintage, designer, icon, high street or chain store. Only individual mixes and styles can truly represent the current culture.

    Throughout our day-to-day lives, whether at work or not, we’re constantly taking in what’s new through the places we visit and the people we meet. The team and I are forever jotting notes and taking photographs – so we never miss that next inspirational idea.

    The skill as a designer is taking these multiple and myriad influences and moulding them into relevant commercial collections for each season and client.” – Matthew, Fashion Designer